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With a sound based on the Chicago blues ofMuddy Waters, Willie Dixon and Chuck Berry, the Rolling Stones were promoted in the 1964 British Invasion as dangerous, mean and debauched. Formed in 1962, the original band members were Mick Jagger(vocals/blues harp), Keith Richards(guitar), Bill Wyman (bass), Charlie Watts(drums), and Brian Jones (guitar). Early recordings were covers of songs by other artists such as Chuck Berry, Lennon/McCartney, Buddy Holly andWillie Dixon, but they soon had their own transatlantic hit songs–‘The last time’, ‘(I can’t get no) Satisfaction’ and ‘Get off of my cloud’.
‘Cynical commentary and primitive heavy metal sounds’
Ray Davies and his brother Dave, drummerMick Avory and bassist Peter Quaife, formed the Kinks in 1962. Their first hit was the aggressive ‘You really got me’ (1964) which made much use of a distorted guitar riff. Following the single ‘All day and all of the night’ (1964), Ray Davies developed a more satirically perceptive songwriting style, commenting on idiosyncratic English middle-class customs. Later hits were ‘Tired of waiting’ (1965), ‘Sunny afternoon’ and ‘Well respected man’ (1966), ‘Waterloo sunset’ and ‘Autumn almanac’ (1967).